Cinema Studies
For Students:
Fall 2013 - Tuesdays 6-10pm, 721 Broadway, Rm 674

Introduction to Moving Image Archiving and Preservation H72.1800

Syllabus 1.60
(also see Fall 2005 or  Fall 2006  or Fall 2007 or Fall 2008 or Fall 2009  or Fall 2010 syllabus)

(make sure you are viewing the latest version of the syllabus, which is always at )

Instructor: Howard Besser         Office Hours: Tu 4:15-5:45 PM, 665 Broadway, rm 612, and by appointment

Course Description:  This graduate-level course introduces and contextualizes aspects of the archiving and preservation of film, video, and new media.  We will consider the moving image and sound recording media as material objects, as technologies with histories.  We will contextualize them within culture, politics, industries, and economics. Topics include: conservation and preservation principles, organization and access, restoration, collecting, curatorship, and programming, legal issues and copyright, and emerging issues in digital media.    

Designed for students entering the profession of moving image archiving, the course examines the history of archiving and preservation and the development of the field�s theories, practices, and professional identities.  We will consider the tasks and areas of specialization practiced by moving image professionals and how these are changing and multiplying in the digital era.   

Required readings:  There is no single book, or even set of books, for this multiperspectival, interdisciplinary field and course.  The book that should start out the course is out of print:

 � Penelope Houston, Keepers of the Frame:  The Film Archives (BFI, 1994)  [one at Bobst Library, TR886.3 H68]  (& a PDF file of part of the book will be online at the NYU Classes site)

          The other readings will be essays and documents handed out in class or (most often) made available in digital form (available through links on the course website or PDF files on the NYU Classes site; and electronic library documents via Bobst Library portals).  The U.S. national plans for television/video and film preservation are on-line, as are NFPF publications.  We will also read articles from the AMIA journal, The Moving Image.  Many back issues are available to you in HTML and PDF formats via Project Muse (see Bobst Library databases).   Your heaviest period for readings and other assignments will be the month of October, so it would be in your best interest to read ahead.

            Note:  Some readings (ie those in the "Restricted" directory on Howard's website) may only be available if you have authenticated through the NYU domain.  If you are using another ISP, you must either run a proxy server or be on campus to access these documents.  Please make sure you keep copies for yourself when any electronic versions are required reading.  Keep them handy for marking, reviewing.

       NYU ClassesThis online resource will host some of the course documents. Access NYU Classes with a valid NYU Net ID and password through the NYU Classes list at NYUHome (   Click on the �Academics� tab, then click on the course link in the list provided.  If the class link does not appear in your list, try clicking the "Update Classes Information" link at the bottom of the channel.  Help is at ITS Client Services (212) 998-3333, or through the NYU Classes Help page.  Most of the readings that are not available on the open Web are available in the "Documents and Readings" section of our NYU Classes site.  Note:  The list of required readings is always on your syllabus.  The syllabus should be your guide to what you need to do, and sometimes the links on the syllabus are to the latest versions of readings (where the NYU Classes site contains older versions).  There are many readings on the NYU Classes site that are only recommended (not necessarily required).

Objectives:  After completing the course you should be able to  �

  • understand professional protocols of moving image archivists;
  • define the key concepts in moving images preservation, conservation, restoration, access, research, education, and use;
  • participate in debates about moving image preservation and archiving;
  • discuss ways in which practices of archiving affect the writing of history and the production of media;
  • assess the curatorial needs of collections, materials, and institutions;
  • articulate access policies and procedures;
  • demonstrate familiarity with key copyright issues;
  • describe principles and philosophies of audio-visual archiving, including ethical concerns, collection issues,
  • demonstrate knowledge of different types of institutions relevant to professional archivists, including private, public, governmental, commercial, local, regional and national archives, as well as museums, libraries, digital repositories, galleries, broadcasters, cinematheques, laboratories, schools, and others. 

Requirements:  Course grades [A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, F] will be determined by performance in the following areas. MIAP students must earn a grade a B or better to advance. 

Attendance and Participation (25%)  Attend all meetings of the course.  Participate actively in all discussions. 
Participation will also measured by your completion of short assignments given occasionally (such as a report on Committee meetings from the AMIA Conference).  These required short assignments will be announced throughout the semester.  Most will consist of a brief written response (ca. 500-words), sometimes due a week after its assignment.  All assignments and readings will be listed on the syllabus on the date due, so be sure to scan ahead on the syllabus.
You must also monitor the electronic discussion supervised by the Association for Moving Image Archivists (AMIA-L).  

Group Research report (25%)  Research and write a report on a single piece of under-researched film or video.  You and one or two classmates will be provided an access copy of an original item about which little is known.  Studying the film�s content, historical context, archival and material conditions, your group will compose a written report assessing the piece�s significance and recommend a preservation and presentation plan.  Your group will also have to present this as an oral class presentation on Oct 22.

Proposal  (10%)  A proposal for your final project, including preliminary research bibliography and a prospectus.  Due via email by Oct 11.  (3-4 pages). 

Individual Final project  (40%)  A substantive, in-depth, individual research project.  Integrate archival research with one or more set of moving image materials (or related materials, such as audio, photographic or paper documents), or develop an essay and documentation on an archival project stemming from issues in the course.  This project will have a written component (due Dec 10), plus you will be graded on your class presentation of your project during the final class session.
            The topic of your final project must be approved before submitting a formal proposal.  You will receive an additional list of possible projects, but you may also propose a project of your own invention.  Look at the MIAP web site to see projects that students have done previously.  The best projects tend to work with available primary materials. 
            Some general options to consider include:

  • Research and write a plan for a film or video that needs preservation and/or restoration.  This might include a combination of the following:  locate existing elements and prints, identify differences between extant copies, do interviews and historical research about the production and post-production, create a budget for restoration.
  • Examine the various ways that are recommended for how people should create citations to digital media. In the same way that scholars cite something on a particular page of a book, scholars should also be able to cite a particular place in a digital media object. Write a paper that examines both the style guide recommendations (APA, MLA, Chicago Manual of Style) and how a variety of streaming media sites link to a particular timecode within a work. The results in your paper will hopefully serve as a starting point for a project to standardize the way that these works are cited.
  • Write an essay comparing two archival institutions of differing types (e.g., a public library and a state archive or historical society).  Analyze how institutional differences affect moving image archival practice (acquisition, cataloging, access, preservation).
  • Plan an exhibition series for historic moving image material. Select the works to show, check print and date availability, write program notes, plan a publicity campaign, coordinate with tie-in activities or events, ...
  • Do intensive research on an elderly media artist.  Develop a set of questions getting to the heart of what they have done and how they did it.  Perform and record an oral history with them (minimum of 2 hours, but could be in multiple sittings).  Edit and index the oral history, and put it online.
  • Work with the Internet Archive's Ephemeral VHS Collection or it's 9/11 Television News Archive, or it's more general Television News Archive, and figure out a project that will either demonstrate how these can be used for interesting things, or figure out a project that will enhance the services provided by them.
  • Your project might also lead to a thesis project if it�s expandable.  Or your final Intro course project might also grown out of the first research report you do with a classmate.
  • list of other possibilities from previous years

Sept 3 Introduction to Entire Class (week 1)

Topics covered:
  • What is this class about?  (non-MIAP students should pay more attention to both the "Professional Organizations" reading next week, and should read notes on academic programs; MIAP students will get more details on these in Internship class and in Orientation)
  • Films/Videos/DVD clips on the act of moving image preservation, as well as how preserved material is reused and represented in different ways
  • Why is conservation and preservation important?
  • Who has taken on the responsibility for moving image and sound preservation?
  • What are the issues involved in making visual materials persist over time? How do we decide which materials should persist over time?
  • What are some of the organizations that hold moving image and sound material? (Film Studios, TV stations, large public film & television archives, media preservation depts. w/i larger collecting institutions, small non-profits preserving their own media, ...)
  • What are some of the Professional Organizations that Moving Image Archivists belong to? And at what conferences can one learn about professional issues? (AMIA, FIAF, FIAT, AIC, AAM, MCN, SMPTE, ALA, Orphans, SCMS)
  • What are basic functions? (identification, selection [of both "content" and equipment], appraisal, ...)
  • What are the various professional practices that moving image archiving and preservation professionals draw from? (cataloging, reference, exhibition, fundraising, budgeting, management, ...)
  • What are the various roles or tasks we are responsible for?
  • What are the structures like of film and other moving image works?
  • lecture notes 
  • News articles

Sept 10 Modes and Artifacts of Moving Image Production: Video, Audio, and New Media; Issues of Risk Assessment with all forms of Moving Image Works (week 2)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:
  • Who makes/has made new media? What artifacts exist as a result of the production? What gets saved and is lost?
  • Knowing more about film/video/sound/new media artifacts, what does that tell you about risks to the materials? What about their needs for description and care?
  • New Media

Sept 17 Modes & Artifacts of Moving Image Production: General Discussion & Film, Basic Distribution Issues (week 3)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:

Sept 24   Collections Management: Issues and Approaches (week 4)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:
  • Archiving Video Games on Sept 28 at NYU Poly
  • Rick Prelinger's No More Road Trips? at NY Film Festival on Sept 28 at 9:30 PM
  • Discussion of Final Projects
  • Appraisal, selection, description, sorting, organizing
  • Risk Management discussion
  • What is the impact of appraisal and selection (or the lack thereof) on what gets preserved?
  • What are practices for tracking information about moving images?
  • What are other typical tasks in collection management of archival collections?
  • How might they differ for moving image/sound materials and other materials such as paper or photographs?
  • News Articles & topical events

Oct 1  Collecting in Context: Theoretical Underpinnings (week 5)

Assignments due before class:
  • Proposal for Final Project  due via email Oct 11
  • Read:
    • Anne J. Gilliland-Swetland. Enduring Paradigm, New Opportunities: The Value of the Archival Perspective in the Digital Environment , Council on Library & Information Resources, pub89, pp 1-16 [document pages 1-16, not Acrobat pages 1-16]
    • Belk, Russell W. "A Brief History of Collecting," in Collecting in Consumer Society. New York: Routledge, 1995, pages 22-64
    • Benjamin, Walter. "Unpacking My Library: A Talk about Book Collecting." Illuminations. Ed. and intro. by Hannah Arendt. Trans. Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken Books, 1969, pp 59-67
    • Pearce, Susan M. "Collecting Processes," in On Collecting: An Investigation into collecting in the European tradition . New York: Routledge, 1995, pages 3-35
    • Jean Baudrillard�s "The System of Collecting." In John Elsner and Roger Cardinal, eds., Cultures of Collecting, pp. 7-24. London: Reaktion, 1994, translated by Roger Cardinal.
    • Further Readings
      • Pierre Bourdieu, "Editor's Introduction: Pierre Bourdieu on Art Literature and Culture" in The field of cultural production: essays on art and literature, Cambridge: Polity, 1993
      • Marita Sturken and Lisa Cartwright in Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture (Oxford University Press, 2001)
      • Buckland, Michael. (1997) What is a Document?", Journal of the American Society for Information Science 48 (9), pp. 804-809
      • Harrison, Helen P. (ed.). Audiovisual Archives. A practical reader for the AV Archivists. 1997
      • Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" Illuminations. Ed. and intro. by Hannah Arendt. Trans. Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken Books, 1969, pp 217-251
      • John Berger. Ways of Seeing , New York: Viking, 1972
      • Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett "Objects of Ethnography" in Ivan Karp and Steven Lavine (eds.) Exhibiting Cultures:  The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display, Washington: Smithsonian Press, 1991, pp 386-443
      • Pearce, Susan M. "Collecting in Time" in On Collecting: An Investigation into collecting in the European tradition. New York: Routledge, 1995 pages 235-254
      • Drucker, Johanna. "The Codex and Its Variations." The Century of Artists' Books. New York: Granary Books, 1997. 121-59
Topics covered:
  • Discussion of Final Projects
  • Collection Management (continued)
    • Continuation of  Metadata Talk and Metadata Issues
    • Archival Arrangement--maintaining original order, context, relationships
    • Metadata Standards (EAD, Dublin Core, MARC)
  • Appraisal, selection, description, sorting, organizing
  • Risk Management discussion
  • Why do we collect?
  • Extensive questions to ponder
    • Issues of evidence and authenticity
    • Issues of representation
    • Who collects what? for whom? and why?  How do collections define their collectors?  How have museums influenced colonialism, nationalism, and taxonomies (categories) of knowledge?  What kinds of interdependence exists between institutions of collecting and certain methodological goals of art history and anthropology?  How can we learn to read exhibits critically?  What is a �rhetoric� or �poetics� of display?  Why do people keep personal collections of objects?  How do ethnicities and genders appear--or disappear--in museum contexts?  How do museums also function to support a local community memory and history?  How do artists view museums as social institutions?  How can we imagine collecting practices and museums in the future? How can the history of collecting be read as an interdisciplinary intellectual practice?
    • Why do we need museums?  What should  they look like? Why do we collect things? What kinds of museums and collections  might we have in the future?  What role might electronic media play in the  rethinking of the museum?  Would changes in museum practice necessitate changes  in the disciplines of art history and anthropology?
    • How are moving images and sound part of the larger visual culture and ways of looking and seeing? How does our understanding of visual culture impact our role in moving image archiving and preservation?
    • How do reformatting and multiple formats of the same work change how we look at a work? (e.g., are videos the same as films? Are digital photographs the same as analog photos?)
    • Is there a social context to viewing an object? (is viewing a video at home the same as viewing a film in a theater? Is viewing a mural on a screen the same as viewing it in-situ?)
    • Who attributes value to a work, and under what circumstances? How does one deal with the different values that different communities may have towards any particular set of works?
    • Are there ethical considerations in format conversions (e.g., film colorization, pan-and-scan?)
  • Next week is Archives Week. Please consider attending local Archives Week activities.
  • Reminders: Berliner films now on reserve; Berliner visit is optional; Side by Side goes on reserve by Oct 10; Guests next week; No Office Hours next week; Final Proposal due via email Oct 11
  • News Articles & topical events


*Oct 8  Personal Archiving, Community Archiving  (week 6)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:
    Guests: Activist Archivists (Marie Lascu, Kelly Haydon, Rufus de Rham, ...)

  • Archiving Personal materials, Home Movies, movement materials
  • Community Archiving
  • News articles:
    • xxx
  • Note: Saturday Oct 19 is Home Movie Day in Bushwick?
  • Note: On Oct 15 we will meet at 6:10 in Alan Berliner's Tribecca studio.  Make sure that you show up there rather than in our regular classroom.  And take a look at his website  beforehand to get an idea of the kinds of films he makes.

Oct 15  Film Artifact & Preservation Issues (week 7)--OPTIONAL CLASS

Assignments due before class
  • Meet at 6:10PM on street in front of Alan Berliner's Tribecca studio (13 Vestry St, enter off of Hudson St just south of Canal)
  • Read:
      including bio, resume, and Philip Lopate�s �American Family Life Wittily Revealed,� New York Times, Jan. 12, 1997.
    • Watch at least one of Alan's films--on reserve in Cinema Studies Study Center (or get it on NetFlix or some other on-demand service)
    • Gracy, Karen. "Documenting the Process of Film Preservation", The Moving Image 3:1 (Spring 2003), pp 1-41
    • Read, Paul and Mark-Paul Meyer. "Introduction to the Restoration of Motion Picture Film" and "Menschen am Sonntag--a Reconstruction and Documentation Case Study", Restoration of Motion Picture Film, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000, pp 1-5 and pp 231-241
    • Gartenberg, Jon, "The Fragile Emulsion", The Moving Image 2:2 (Fall 2002), pp 142-152
    • Frye, Brian. "The Accidental Preservationist: An Interview with Bill Brand", Film History 15:2 (2003), p 214 [reprinted in MIAP's co-publication -- Andrew Lampert (ed)  Results you can't refuse: celebrating 30 years of BB Optics, New York: Anthology Film Archive, 2006 ]
  • Recommended
Topics covered:
  • Knowing more about film artifacts, what does that tell you about risks to the material? What about its needs for description and care?
  • What are some of the major issues with film preservation?
  • Show video from Film Technology; DVDs from ColorLab and LaboCine
Oct 22  Video & Audio Preservation Issues (week 8)
Assignments due before class
Topics covered:
  • Reports from Home Movie Day
  • Research Report presentations
    • From a prevous year:  Aaark! Something About Communication  (part 1)   (part 2)
  • Sound
  • Tape Cleaning
  • "Playback" DVD
  • What are some of the major issues with video and sound preservation?
  • What are typical approaches to caring for and preserving video and sound?
  • What is the effect of digital formats and digitization on media preservation?
  • Knowing more about video/sound artifacts, what does that tell you about risks to the material? What about its needs for description and care?
  • News articles

  • Assignment at AMIA conference

Oct 29 New Media & Digital Preservation Issues, Digital Public Television Preservation (week 9)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:
  • recap of WAVHD/Surveillance
  • All students going to AMIA conference must attend an AMIA Task Force or Committee meeting and give a presentation on this to class
  • Catch-up from previous weeks (Metadata, risk management, authenticity, ethics, Personal Archiving & Community Archiving, Alan Berliner, film artifacts and risks)
  • Introduction to both NYU/Public Television preservation project and Video At Risk
  • Knowing more about digital media artifacts, what does that tell you about risks to the material? What about its needs for description and care?
  • What are some of the major issues with new media preservation?
  • What are the major issues facing moving image and sound archivists in the "digital age"?
  • What are some of the practicalities that preservationists must address?
  • What theories and predictions are being advanced?
  • Does this evidential value change when materials are reformatted?What are the advantages and disadvantages of keeping different versions of materials?
  • What is different between the preservation needs of material that is "born digital" and that which has been digitized?
  • Is it possible to preserve digital materials unchanged?
  • What are the strengths and limitations of the various proposed methods of digital preservation for different uses of cultural materials?
  • As the digital world moves toward multiple uses and viewing works from different angles, how does this affect notions of context and its preservation?
  • How do digital objects challenge traditional archival notions of evidence?  Can ways be found to authenticate digital works, and track provenance and versioning?
  • Documentaries, Actuality Footage, media art, installation art, performance art
  • Documentation, treatment
  • News Articles

*Nov 5   Digital vs Analog Cinema (week 10)

Because most of the students will need to leave for AMIA at 10AM the next morning, we will take a poll of students to see whether they would like to conduct this class session via some combination of individual work, online google chat discusssion, etc.

Nov 12  Access, Curating, Programming, Presentation (week 11)

Assignments due before class:
  • Read: Additional readings (optional):
    • The Moving Image 4:1, Spring 2004, pages 1-88
    • Atkinson, Jane. AGCS Occupational Profile: Programme Researcher: Broadcasting/film/video
    • At least 3 of the papers from the March 2003 Toronto Conference  Terms of Address: The Pedagogy and Politics of Film and Video Programming and Curating  (you will need to find the text of these papers yourself)
    • In Focus: a guide to using films / by Linda Blakaby, Dan Georgakas and Barbara Margolis. NY: Cine Information, 1980.
    • American Film Distribution: the changing marketplace / by Suzanne Mary Donahue. MI: UMI Research Press, 1987
    • Noriega, Chon A. "On curating," Wide Angle Vol XVII nr 1-4 (1995); p 292-304
    • Gilmore, Geoff. "Sundance's agenda," Scenario Vol II nr 3 (Fall 1996); p 4-5
    • Peary, Gerald. "Season of the hunt; On the practice of film festival programming," American Film Vol XVI nr 10 (Nov-Dec 1991); p 20
    • Pa�ni, Dominique. "Comme dans un musee" Journal of Film Preservation no 53 (Nov 1996); p 8-11 (Argues that programming in archives should be directed at building collections. Explores current explosion in film restorations within the context of archival programming.)
    • MacDonald, Scott. "Avant-garde at the Flaherty," Wide Angle Vol XVII nr 1-4 (1995); p 256-267
    • Besser, Howard (1998). The Shape of the 21st Century Library, in Milton Wolf et. al. (eds.), Information Imagineering: Meeting at the Interface , Chicago: American Library Association, pages 133-146
    • Moving Image Collections (MIC) General Information
    • Schiller, Daniel. (1988) "How to think about information." In. V. Mosco and J. Wasko (eds.), The Political Economy of Information (pp. 27-43). Madison, WI : University of Wisonsin Press. 1988
    • Lievrouw, L.A. (1994) "Information Resources and Democracy: Understanding the Paradox." Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 45(6), July, pp. 350-357
    • AMIA Compendium of Moving Image Cataloging Practice, edited by Abigail Leab Martin and compiled by Jane D. Johnson, Linda Tadic, Linda Elkins, Christine Lee, and Amy Wood. Society of American Archivists & AMIA, 2001. ca. 275 pp.
    • Archival Moving Image Materials: A Cataloging Manual (AMIM2) . 2nd ed. revised by the AMIM Revision Committee, Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division.Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service, 2000. 1 v. ISBN 0-8444-1008-X
    • Harrison, Harriet W. (comp. and ed.), for the Cataloging Commission of the International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF). The FIAF Cataloging Rules for Film Archives. Film-Television-Sound Archive Series: Volume 1. M�nchen; London; New York; Paris: K.G. Saur, 1991

Topics covered:
  • Student reports from AMIA Conference
  • Howard's report from AMIA
  • Preserving Digital Public Television, and the American Archive
  • brief discussion of Side By Side
  • Future leadership of MIAP
  • Curating Process
  • Repurposing, DVDs--look at Lost Horizon
  • Issues of access
  • Obtaining moving image materials:
    • How does one find moving image collections? (Moving Image Gateway Project)
    • What are sources for clips? Universal,, Warner, Getty.   For ancillary materials?
  • Types of resources (biographical, film indexes, union catalogs, almanacs, periodical indexes, trades, dictionaries, encyclopedias, review compilations)
  • What are issues for historical research and reconstruction?
  • How are moving images and sound part of the larger visual culture and ways of looking and seeing? How does our understanding of visual culture impact our role in moving image archiving and preservation?

Nov 19  Perspectives on Collecting, Preservation, & Conservation (week 12)

Assignments due before class
Topics covered:
  • Panel discussion including professionals from different organizations and fields:
    • Howard Besser, former CIO for Centre Canadien d'Architecture
    • Barbara Mathe, Senior Special Collections Librarian,American Museum of Natural History
    • Duane Watson, Board Member and Curatorial Director of the Wilderstein Preservation, and former Head of Conservation, NY Public Library
  • What are the basic guiding principles of conservation/preservation coming from different professions and/or communities? How were they shaped?
  • How have they been utilized and/or affected by moving image and recorded sound materials, through such factors as multiple copies, "born digital" formats, and changing definitions of appropriate archival mediums?
  • What are some of the issues that the archive, conservation, library and independent preservation communities are addressing with regard to moving image and sound preservation?
  • What are the role(s) of a moving image specialist in relation to other professionals caring for moving images and sound collections?
  • Ray Edmundson, in Audiovisual archiving: Philosophy and Principles, proposes that moving image archiving is evolving as a synthesis of other archiving and preservation practices. What are the pros and cons of such an approach? What would be aspects of this synthesis from various professions?
  • What are ethical considerations are fundamental to our work as moving image archiving and preservation specialists?
  • Where do "de facto" archives - those organizations with important materials but untrained as preservationists - fit?
  • What is the role of producers in preservation practice?
  • Different NYU projects:
    • Merce Cunningham project
    • NYU IMLS project to improve 21st Century job situation for Moving Image Professionals within Libraries
    • NYU Mellon Video at Risk project to research uniqueness and need for preservation within circulating library moving image collections
  • issue of opportunistic collection development
  • from group history projects: This field isn't old enough to have a large established literature.  Most projects need to go through iterative, and change direction based upon how much info may be available
  • Panofsky, Shatford/Layne--pre-iconographic/Iconographic/Iconological (see JISC's Approaches to Describing Images)
  • Repurposing, DVDs--look at Lost Horizon

Nov 26  Collecting Institutions: History & Culture of Museums, Archives, Libraries, & Other Repositories  (week 13)

Assignments due before class:
  • Read:
    • Mann, Sarah Ziebell. "The Evolution of American Moving Image Preservation: Defining the Preservation Landscape (1967-1977)", The Moving Image 1:2 (Fall 2001), pp 1-20
    • Magliozzi, Ronald. "Film Archiving as a Profession: An Interview with Eileen Bowser", The Moving Image 3:1 (Spring 2003), pp 132-146
    • Edmondson, Ray. "You Only Live Once: On Being a Troublemaking Professional", The Moving Image 2:1 (Spring 2002), pp 175-183
    • Jorge Luis Borges, The Library of Babel from Labyrinths (or The Book of Sand) (see review  )
    • Besser, Howard (1997). The Changing Role of Photographic Collections with the Advent of Digitization , in Katherine Jones-Garmil (ed.), The Wired Museum, Washington: American Association of Museums, pages 115-127.
      • Further Readings:
    • "Why Ethics?" in Marie Malaro, Museum Governance: Mission, Ethics, Policy, pages 16-21
    • "Controlled Collecting: Drafting a Collection Management Policy" in Marie Malaro, Museum Governance: Mission, Ethics, Policy , pages 43-49
    • O'Toole, James. (1990) "The History of the Archives Profession." In Understanding Archives and Manuscripts. Chicago: Society of American Archivists., pp. 27-47
    • Douglas, Mary. (1986) "Institutions Cannot Have Minds of Their Own." In How Institutions Think. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, pp 9-19
    • Jane R. Glaser with Artemis A. Zenetou, "Museum Professional Positions: Qualifications, Duties, and Responsibilities," Museums: A Place to Work: Planning Museum Careers (London; New York: Routledge, 1996), 65-125
    • Libbie Rifkin, (2001) "Association/Value: Creative Collaborations in the Library ", RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage, 2:2
Topics covered:
  • Your Final Project Presentations:
    • 13 min absolute maximum (incl questions); ideally 11 min Talk
    • Use visuals; alert us ahead if you're using some software other than Powerpoint, Acrobat, Web Browsers, Office, ...
    • Try to arrive a little early and load your software onto the computer into the folder for Intro Final Presentations
  • How do the mission, goals, history, other activities, etc., of various repositories affect how moving images and sound are preserved and accessed?
  • What are the roles of different professionals in each type of institution?
  • What type of Professionalism is associated with each type of role & each institution
  • How has the role of collecting institutions changed as more and more people have started taking photographs of everyday life? How might changes in popular attitude towards this media effect expectations on collecting institutions? How will collecting institutions handle personal archives that no longer are only paper? And how will this all change even more as the number of home video cameras and digital editing vastly increases?
  • How do politics affect cultural heritage institutions as they strive to serve new audiences? (the Enola Gay incident?)
  • Repurposing, DVDs--look at Lost Horizon (cont)
  • News articles:

Dec 3 Copyright, Legal Issues, & Policy (week 14)

Assignments due before class:
Topics covered:
  • Discussion & logistics for final projects (10-15 min formal presentation, slides, on-time)
  • Issues of term, territory, and market
  • What are some of the practices with regard to copyright, ownership, licensing, and the use of "talent" or footage that are part of the history of a particular form of production or genre of work?
  • What are some of the recent or anticipated changes in the legal arena that affect moving image/sound preservation or use?
  • Effects of copyright on preservation and programming
  • Avoidance of intellectual property issues
  • Fair Use guidelines
  • How do intellectual property issues affect preservation, access, and use of visual materials ? (e.g., the implications of the digital millennium copyright act?
  • Complexity of underlying rights
  • Other legal issues
  • Policy issues
  • Future of Cinema
  • News Articles

Dec 10 Final Classroom Presentations (week 15)

Assignments due before class:
  • Present your final project to the rest of the class.  (Arrive promptly and be prepared to stay late so that everyone can present.)  We will only have 10-15 minutes for each presentation (including questions and discussion)
Topics covered:
  • Final Individual presentations
  • Course Evaluations
  • News articles & Events
    • xxx

Other Information

MIAP Digital Archive:  In addition to any paper or other materials that must be submitted for a course project, all MIAP course projects will be submitted with accompanying electronic copies.  The �e-versions� will be made part of the MIAP digital archive.  Provide all files with (1) a MIAP Submission Form and (2) file names that follow MIAP Digital Archive file-naming guidelines (which can be found at  Identify on the Submission Form any content that might require access restrictions. 

Plagiarism Advisory:

Plagiarism and other violations of the University�s published policies are serious offenses and will be punished severely.  Plagiarism includes presenting or paraphrasing a phrase, sentence, or passage of a published work (including material from the World-Wide Web) in a paper or exam answer without quotation marks and attribution of the source, submitting your own original work toward requirements in more than one class without the prior permission of the instructors, submitting a paper written by someone else, submitting as your own work any portion of a paper or research that you purchased from another person or commercial firm, and presenting in any other way the work, ideas, data, or words of someone else without attribution. These are punishable offenses whether intended or unintended (e.g., occurs through poor citations or confusion about how to reference properly).
You are encouraged to read additional texts and to discuss the issues of this course and your papers with others; but if you use ideas that come from others, you must acknowledge their help.  It is always better to err on the side of acknowledging other people than to fail to do so.  

Other offenses against academic integrity include: collaborating with others on assignments without the express permission of the instructor, giving your work to another student to submit as his/her own, copying answers from another student or source materials during examinations, secreting or destroying library or reference materials. . If you have any questions about how to cite sources, what constitutes appropriate use of a text, or other matters of academic integrity, please discuss them with your course instructor. 

Anyone caught plagiarizing will fail the course.  In addition, violations of academic integrity, including plagiarism, call for disciplinary action through the University.